The common nettle, as described before, is the one most likely found around the hedgerows followed by the dwarf nettle. Time limit is exhausted. [66] U. dioica can be a troubling weed, and mowing can increase plant density. It may be that the act of rubbing a dock leaf against a nettle sting acts as a distracting counterstimulation, or that belief in the dock's effect provides a placebo effect. The three main types you will come across if you look really hard are the Common (Urtica dioica), Dwarf (U. urens)and Roman (U. pilulifera). Direct seeding is possible, but leads to great heterogeneity in maturity. }, [31] In its peak season, nettle contains up to 25% protein, dry weight, which is high for a leafy green vegetable. The inflorescence shape is reflected in its scientific name — Boehmeria cylindrica — as the flowers are grouped in cylindrical shapes along the stem. })(120000); An agent thus used was considered to be a rubefacient (something that causes redness), used as a folk remedy for treating rheumatism. Competitors are given 60 cm (24 in) stalks of the plant, from which they strip the leaves and eat them. [43] Urtication, or flogging with nettles is the process of deliberately applying stinging nettles to the skin to provoke inflammation. Nettles are the larval food plant for several species of butterflies, such as the peacock butterfly,[14] comma (Polygonia c-album), and the small tortoiseshell. [36], Nettles are used in Albania as part of the dough filling for the börek. The English word 'nettled', meaning irritated or angry, is derived from 'nettle'.[26]. 170, Frankh-Kosmos Verlags-GmbH & Co, Stuttgart 2003. The presence of nettles may indicate the site of a long-abandoned building, and can also indicate soil fertility. [1][7], Urtica dioica is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, 1 to 2 m (3 to 7 ft) tall in the summer and dying down to the ground in winter. [53] Mature leaves contain about 40% α- linolenic acid, a valuable omega-3 acid. I felt good after a day and pain of arthritis is gone! [5] The term, contact urticaria, has a wider use in dermatology, involving dermatitis caused by various skin irritants and pathogens. [5][16][17][18][19] Anti-itch drugs, usually in the form of creams containing antihistamines or hydrocortisone, may provide relief from nettle dermatitis. It is also eaten by the larvae of some moths including angle shades, buff ermine, dot moth, the flame, the gothic, grey chi, grey pug, lesser broad-bordered yellow underwing, mouse moth, setaceous Hebrew character, and small angle shades. The perennial, which belongs to the famil… [51], Nettles may be used as a dye-stuff, producing yellow from the roots, or yellowish green from the leaves. [74], Dioica is derived from Greek, meaning 'of two houses' (having separate staminate and pistillate plants; dioecious). Do not confuse these plants with dead nettle (Lamium maculatum), a harmless perennial plant used in shade gardens. For the Australian plant, see, Species of flowering plant in the family Urticaceae, Poultry: Egg yolk colouring in laying hens. Most herbivores are discouraged from grazing on this plant because of irritating toxins secreted by … Here are some closer views of the False nettle … [67] Regular and persistent tilling will greatly reduce its numbers, and the use of herbicides such as 2,4-D and glyphosate are effective control measures. North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Unlike cotton, nettles grow easily without pesticides. Nettle was believed to be a galactagogue – a substance that promotes lactation. In North America, it is widely distributed in Canada and the United States, where it is found in every province and state except for Hawaii, and also can be found in northernmost Mexico. It grows in abundance in the Pacific Northwest, especially in places where annual rainfall is high. Nettles are perennials; perennials are plants that last several years. The stinging nettle has oval-shaped leaves with pointed ends and jagged teeth along the edges. }, Confidently master the skill of correct plant identification. [40][41], Alcoholic beer can be made from young nettles. Cambridge University Press. The metaphor may refer to the fact that if a nettle plant is grasped firmly rather than brushed against, it does not sting so readily, because the hairs are crushed down flat and do not penetrate the skin so easily.[24]. setTimeout( However, the Wood Nettle has some alternateleaves, while Stinging Nettle has pairs of opposite leaves only. In the German language, the idiom sich in die Nesseln setzen, or to sit in nettles, means to get into trouble. Stinging nettle should not be confused with "white dead nettle" (Lamium album). Lamium is an excellent ground cover perennial for shady areas, grown largely for its spreading foliage and colorful flowers. [15], Urtica dioica produces its inflammatory effect on skin (stinging, burning sensation often called "contact urticaria") both by impaling the skin via spicules – causing mechanical irritation – and by biochemical irritants, such as histamine, serotonin, and acetylcholine, among other chemicals. Gledhill, David (2008). [28] However, in 2011, an early Bronze Age burial cist on Whitehorse Hill,[29][30] Dartmoor, Devon was excavated. var notice = document.getElementById("cptch_time_limit_notice_88"); Since both stinging nettle and wood nettle look so much alike — and both protect themselves with stinging hairs — how can we tell these two plants apart?  The most obvious difference is the orientation of the leaves along the stems.  Stinging nettle’s leaves are opposite each other. [33] The leaves are also dried and may then be used to make a herbal tea, as can also be done with the nettle's flowers. It’s is native to most parts of the United States and Canada. Urtica dioica is considered to be native to Europe, much of temperate Asia and western North Africa. However, that may not be true for everyone. I boil some leaves and drink as a tea, ate the boiled leaves. [46], Historically, nettles have been used to make clothing for almost 3,000 years, as ancient nettle textiles from the Bronze Age have been found in Denmark. [20] Dock leaves, which often grow in similar habitats, are regarded as a folk remedy to counteract the sting of a nettle,[21] although there is no evidence of any chemical effect. Seeds contain much more fatty acid than leaves.[54]. dioica) is the only common stinging plant and has found a place in several figures of speech in the English language. We have 310 images of 104 dead nettles in our Dead Nettles database. [57], Ruminants avoid fresh stinging nettles, however if the nettles are wilted or dry, voluntary intake can be high. Stinging nettle, or Urtica dioica, is a common plant that grows in the United States, Canada, and Europe.It primarily grows in damp, fertile soil. It’s important to note that the types of plants called deadnettle aren’t stinging nettles. The leaves are the same with the stinging nettle, only that they don’t have the thing that stung. As you can see in the wood nettle photo above (taken in early spring), the stems and underside of the leaves are covered with stinging hairs.   Stinging nettle has similar stinging hairs along its stems. Due to the variable fibre content, the fibre yields vary between 0.2 and 7 dt / ha, but the yields are normally in the range between 2 and 4 dt / ha. [31] Soaking stinging nettles in water or cooking removes the stinging chemicals from the plant, which allows them to be handled and eaten without injury. are herbaceous, fast-growing plants native to the U.S. and Europe. It is possible that the sash was traded from mainland Europe, but perhaps more probable that it was locally made. [52], Fresh leaves contain approximately 82.4% water, 17.6% dry matter, 5.5% protein, 0.7 to 3.3% fat, and 7.1% carbohydrates. +  Your email address will not be published. [5][6] The plant has a long history of use as a source for traditional medicine, food, tea, and textile raw material in ancient societies such as the Saxons. Stinging nettle, (Urtica dioica), also called common nettle, weedy perennial plant of the nettle family (Urticaceae), known for its stinging leaves. Nettles are sometimes used in cheesemaking, for example in the production of Cornish Yarg[35] and as a flavouring in varieties of Gouda. Overview. It may be of interest to note that not all species of stinging nettle have literal stinging properties. L) Powder or Essential Oil", "Compost Teas vs Other Teas and Extracts", "Potential for Greenhouse Aeroponic Cultivation of Urtica Dioica", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Urtica_dioica&oldid=991655747, Wikipedia articles needing factual verification from September 2019, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles with failed verification from March 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Growing seedlings: For this technique pre-germinated seeds are sown between mid-/end-February and beginning of April and grown in, This page was last edited on 1 December 2020, at 04:32. .hide-if-no-js { Plant taxonomy: Stinging nettle is a member of the genus, Urtica, a broadleaf, perennial plant.

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